Siskiyou County, with an area of 3040 square miles, lies along the northern boundary of California, and has Del Norte adjoining it on the west, Modoc on the east and Shasta and Trinity counties on the south.
The mineral wealth, which constitutes the basis of Siskiyou's prosperity, is concentrated in various belts and districts.
The Oregon branch of the Southern Pacific Railroad, which crosses the county, connects at Montague with the Yreka railroad, thus affording a rail connection for Yreka, the county seat. Wagon roads to the
The conditions for mining are ideal, due to the abundance of both water and timber, and the California-Oregon Power Company affords cheap electrical power to many of the mining sections.
There are several mineral springs also, the most famous being the Shasta, on the line of the
Geological And Topographical Features
Though the mountains of the western half belong to the Coast Range system, their general geological character is that of the Sierras, as granites, diorites and metamorphic slates and limestones, similar
In the Shasta and Willow Creek valleys coal seams are found, stratified with the sandstone; these
DESCRIPTION OF STREAMS.
This river and its tributaries have been important agents in the distribution of placer gold throughout the country.
The length of the Klamath is some 362 miles, the average grade being 12 feet to the mile,70 miles of which is in Siskiyou County.
Gold is found wherever the river has deposited gravel, whether it be in an old channel a thousand feet above the present stream, or in the river bottom. Below the mouth of Scott River it has cut its way
At Oak Bar, Happy Camp, Hamburg Bar, Orleans Bar and a few other points, the mountains recede far enough from the stream to admit of a few acres of level land being farmed; the rest of the country is too steep for cultivation.
Scott River, one of the important tributaries of the Klamath, enters this stream in Sec. 6, T. 45 N., R. 10 W., M.D.M., at an elevation of 1650 feet above sea level.
It has a length of 61 miles, an average course of 20' to the northwest, and is fed by a watershed area of 812 square miles, with 26 miles of tributaries.
This stream flows through the mineral districts of Oro Fino, Quartz Valley, Callahan and Scott Bar In the vicinity of Callahan, on the headwaters of this stream and especially on the South Fork, rich deposits of gravel are found.
The lower end of the river, for about 4 miles above its mouth, runs through a canyon, and here gold is found in the benches on the hillsides and in bars in the river. Scott Bar, in the center of this district and 2 miles from the mouth of Scott River, is the village from which supplies are distributed to the adjacent
This stream, a branch of Moffat Creek, tributary to Scott River, rises in the Forest Mountain Range and flows in a southerly direction. The placer ground on this creek, from its source to its junction, a distance
Yreka Creek, some 10 miles in length, rises in the Forest Mountains, flows in a northerly direction and empties into the Shasta River in Sec. 1, T. 45 N., R. 7 W., M. D. M. It is fed by several tributaries
Indian Creek, a tributary to the Klamath River, rises in the lofty snow-clad peaks of the Siskiyou Mountain Range, near the boundary line between California and Oregon.
Placer deposits are found along the entire length of Indian Creek. Happy Camp, a village on the west bank of the Klamath River at the junction of the Klamath and Indian Creek, is the distributing point for the country generally between Hamburg and Orleans Bar.
This stream, a tributary to the Klamath River, rises in the Siskiyou Mountain Range, near Mount Sterling. It has a length of 12 miles, a general southwesterly course and is fed by the north and south forks of Hungary (sic) Creek, Bumble Bee, West Fork of Beaver and other smaller creeks.
Placer mining has been pursued along these creeks for the past forty years, and although worked in a crude way considerable gold has been produced.
Mountains and flows in a northeasterly direction. It has a length of some 10 miles and has been a noted producer of placer gold. Near its source the banks of this stream are steep, the water being confined
One claim of less than 7 acres has been constantly worked for the last thirty-five years, the output to date exceeding $260,000.
Barkhouse, the next creek below Little Humbug, has also been a noted producer, but mining operations are limited on account of the scarcity of water.
Mineral Production of Siskiyou County from 1894 to 1913
Substances 1894 1895 1896
Substances 1897 1898 1899
Gold $842,123 00 $768,804 00 $991,771 00
Totals $1,010,883 00 $1,067,451 00 $1,094,745 00
Substances 1903 1904 1905 1906
Totals $663,598 00 $943,936 00 $806,877 00 $1,500 00
Substances 1907 1908 1909
Copper $39 00
Crushed rock $9,475 00 $6,580 00
Mineral water 60,000 00 120,000 00 120,000 00
Totals $527,178 00 $553,037 00 $598,713 00
Coal $1,500 00
Total 309,986 00
ELECTRICAL POWER PLANTS.
Considerable float of chromite is found near the top of the Forest Mountains, in Sec. 13, T., 44 N., R. 8 W., Southern Pacific Railroad Company, owner; and in Sec. 18, T. 44 N., R. 7 W
The country rock is serpentine; the chromite is found in relatively small pieces.
T. T. Garvey, of Yreka, owns a large bank of reddish colored clay, containing some minute quartz pebbles, in Sec. 27, T. 45 N., R. 7 W., M.D.M. A good quality of brick has been manufactured and used in Yreka.
J. Walker, of Greenview, has a deposit of grayish colored clay of good quality, located in Sec. 32, T. 43 N., R. 9 W., M. D. M.; a good grade of bricks manufactured at one time.
The copper mines and prospects, while of recent development, are worthy of careful consideration, and are widely scattered over the central and northern portions of the county.
The formations in which these deposits occur are either peridotite or gabbro, or a metamorphic
In the Happy Camp district, which has been noted for its placer gold production, there are several prospects of merit; and one property, the Grey Eagle, has been developed into a copper mine of considerable magnitude, with a large tonnage of ore blocked out
Note: 1913 mining report